Commander James Bond, is an agent of the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) (more commonly, MI6).
He was created in January 1952, by British journalist Ian Fleming while on holiday at his Jamaican estate, Goldeneye.
The hero, 'James Bond', was named after an American ornithologist, a Caribbean bird expert and author of the definitive field guide book Birds of the West Indies. Fleming, had a copy of Bond's field guide at Goldeneye.
Of the name, Fleming once said in a Reader's Digest interview, "I wanted the simplest, dullest, plainest-sounding name I could find, 'James Bond' was much better than something more interesting. Exotic things would happen to and around him, but he would be a neutral figure — an anonymous, blunt instrument wielded by a Government Department."
James Bond's parents are Andrew Bond, a Scotsman, and Monique Delacroix, from Canton de Vaud, Switzerland; their nationalities were established in On Her Majesty's Secret Service. Fleming emphasised Bond's Scottish heritage in admiration of Sean Connery's cinematic portrayal, whereas Bond's mother is named after a Swiss fiancée of Fleming's.
In his fictional biography of secret agent 007, John Pearson gave Bond's birthdate as 11 November (Armistice Day) 1920; however, there is no evidence of it in Fleming's novels.
Some have suggested that Fleming was inspired by the playboy and real secret agent Dušan Popov, a Serb double agent for the British and the Germans.
In the novel On Her Majesty's Secret Service, Bond's family motto is found to be "Orbis non sufficit" ("The world is not enough"). The novel also states that the family that used this motto may not necessarily be the same Bond family James Bond came from.
From 1962 through 2006, six actors have portrayed James Bond in "official" films:
Sean Connery (1962–1967; 1971)
George Lazenby (1969)
Roger Moore (1973–1985)
Timothy Dalton (1987–1989)
Pierce Brosnan (1995–2002)
Daniel Craig (2006–present)
While according to James Bond: The Secret World of 007 Bond is 6' 1", only two of the actors who have played him are that height. the others range from 5' 11" (Daniel Craig) to 6' 2 1/2" (George Lazenby)
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